Recent years have seen an explosion of protest and concern about police brutality and repression. Much of the conversation has focused on calls for enhancing police accountability, increasing police diversity, improving police training, and emphasising community policing. Unfortunately, none of these is likely to produce results, because they fail to get at the core of the problem. The problem is policing itself – the dramatic expansion of the police role over the last forty years. This book attempts to jog public discussion of policing by revealing the tainted origins of modern policing as a tool of social control and demonstrating how the expanded role of the police is inconsistent with community empowerment, social justice – even public safety.